The various causes of mental retardation

Associated issues[ edit ] Physical health issues[ edit ] There are many physical health factors associated with developmental disabilities. For some specific syndromes and diagnoses, these are inherent, such as poor heart function in people with Down syndrome. People with severe communication difficulties find it difficult to articulate their health needs, and without adequate support and education might not recognize ill health.

The various causes of mental retardation

Other conditions, such as hearing loss, learning disorders, neurological disorders, and emotional problems can also cause delayed development.

Treatment options for intellectual disability Your child will probably need ongoing counseling to help them cope with their disability. The plan will also detail the services that your child will need to help them with normal development.

Your family needs will also be addressed in the plan. When your child is ready to attend school, an Individualized Education Program IEP will be put in place to help them with their educational needs.

Moving Ahead Project

All children with ID benefit from special education. The federal Individuals with Disabilities Act IDEA requires that public schools provide free and appropriate education to children with ID and other developmental disabilities. The main goal of treatment is to help your child reach their full potential in terms of education, social skills, and life skills.

Treatment may include behavior therapy, occupational therapy, counseling, and in some cases, medication. What is the long-term outlook? When ID occurs with other serious physical problems, your child may have a below average life expectancy. However, if your child has mild to moderate ID, they will probably have a fairly normal life expectancy.

When your child grows up, they may be able to work a job that requires basic intellectual skills. They may be able to live independently and support themselves. Support services are also available to help adults with ID live independent and fulfilling lives.

Medically reviewed by Timothy J.The causes of schizophrenia have been the subject of much debate, with various factors proposed and discounted or modified..

The language of schizophrenia research under the medical model is scientific. Such studies suggest that genetics, prenatal development, early environment, neurobiology, and psychological and social . Microcephaly with or without chorioretinopathy, lymphedema, or mental retardation is an autosomal dominant disorder that involves an overlapping but variable spectrum of central nervous system and ocular developmental anomalies.

Learning Objectives. This is an intermediate level course. After taking this course, mental health professionals will be able to: List and discuss four medical causes of mental disorders. Proteins and mental health Proteins are made up of amino acids linked together in various sequences and amounts.

The human body can manufacture some of the amino acids, but there are eight essential amino acids that must be supplied in the diet. The following medical conditions are some of the possible causes of Cognitive impairment.

There are likely to be other possible causes, so ask your doctor about your symptoms. Other symptoms or medical conditions that may need to be considered for a more precise consideration of cognitive symptoms. Caballero and Hendrich () provided a review of the role of MECP2 in the developing brain, the targets of MECP2-mediated repression, and the possible effect of misexpressed gene targets leading to clinical manifestations of RTT.

Rett Syndrome.

The various causes of mental retardation

Rett syndrome (RTT; ) is a progressive neurologic developmental disorder and one of the most common causes of mental retardation in females.

Causes of Learning Disabilities and Attention Deficit Disorder During Pregnancy