Observed sea level rise over the last century has averaged about 8 inches, although local values may be substantially more or less based on local vertical land motion, land use, regional ocean circulations and tidal variations. Projections of future sea level rise can be made in the following ways: Extrapolation of recent trends Semi-empirical approaches based on past relationships of sea level rise with temperature Process-based methods using models 1.
Arduino 8 An Arduino is a piece of electronic hardware—a single-board microcontroller used to create basic hardware-to-software communication through circuitry control.
Developed by a team of inventors led by Massimo Banzi, Arduinos are widely used in computer programming. As an easy-to-use module, the device can be employed to test basic programming functionality or even operate a small robot.
The Arduino is particularly practical for rapid prototyping. Its design is distributed under the Creative Commons license and low-cost kits are available through a number of organizations.
Behavior Change 9 Behavioral change is an ongoing process of replacing the ways we respond to our environment with newly acquired patterns of action. Behavior standards respond to social norms and needs; in an urban context, certain targeted behavior-al shifts can lead to important changes in urban interaction and design.
The key to large-scale urban improvement lies in the majority of the population adopting and maintaining more behaviors that produce small but incremental change for the common good.
These could include more responsible consumption and waste practices and greater conviviality and sharing. Through his programs, which explored the power of technology in cities, Lab Team member Carlo Ratti argued that sensing and actuating is a powerful transformative process that can lead to behavior change—the first step in large-scale transformation.
Bike Sharing 10 Bicycle-sharing programs provide bikes for rent or temporary use in urban environments. Today, there are bike-sharing programs in cities around the world. Bike-sharing systems typically involve customized bike design, docking stations, and an affordable membership fee to avoid theft and promote financial sustainability.
Bike sharing provides free or low-cost transportation with no emissions. The system was first employed in Amsterdam in when a fleet of bikes was painted white and distributed throughout the city.
Other cities with bike-sharing programs include Berlin with two programs, started in and ParisBarcelonaand Londonamong others. New York City will be launching one in the spring of In major cities around the world, the programs are typically sponsored by major corporations.
Cycling Fast Facts featured a group of biking experts to showcase a crosssection of the Berlin cycling community to discuss the challenges and opportunities of biking in cities. The Copenhagenize Index was developed in by Copenhagen Consulting as an index for measuring support of urban cycling in cities worldwide.
The index measures eighty major cities around the world based on specific criteria including bicycle infrastructure, bike-sharing programs, perception of safety, and politics.
When these needs are met, cities experience an increase in cyclists, which has a positive effect on city livability and infrastructure.Lab report - mass and acceleration. Topics: Velocity Banana Oil Lab Report Jesse Bradford 7/10/14 MTWR Section Introduction In the banana oil lab we began with isopentyl alcohol + acetic acid isopentyl acetate + Water.
We needed for this experiment a hot plate, clamps, pipette, 5mL vial, caps, hoses and a thermometer.
Experimental TOF images of the effectively 1D expanding SOC BEC for expansion times of 0, 10, and 14 ms. Washington State University physicists have created a fluid with negative mass, which is. As a follow-up to Tuesday’s post about the majority-minority public schools in Oslo, the following brief account reports the latest statistics on the cultural enrichment of schools in Austria.
Vienna is the most fully enriched location, and seems to be in roughly the same situation as Oslo. Many thanks to Hermes for the translation from caninariojana.com Sunshine Christian Bilingual Institute Alejandra Rivas caninariojana.com Physics "Displacement, Velocity and Acceleration" Lab Report 2/Nov/11 Introduction Displacement is a change of position within the.
by Judith Curry. Part IV of the Climate Etc. series on sea level rise focuses on the satellite era (since ), including the recent causes of sea level variations and arguments regarding the acceleration (or not) of recent sea level rise.
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