Democracies end when they are too democratic.
A large percentage of White workers will lose out if affirmative action is continued. Government statistics do not support this myth. According to the U. Commerce Department, there are 2. Bureau of the Census, Furthermore, affirmative action pertains only to job-qualified applicants, so the actual percentage of affected Whites would be even smaller.
The main sources of job loss among White workers have to do with factory relocations and labor contracting outside the United States, computerization and automation, and corporate downsizing Ivins, If Jewish people and Asian Americans can rapidly advance economically, African Americans should be able to do the same.
This comparison ignores the unique history of discrimination against Black people in America.
Over the past four centuries, Black history has included nearly years of slavery, years of legalized discrimination, and only 50 years of anything else.
Jews and Asians, on the other hand, are populations that immigrated to North America and included doctors, lawyers, professors, and entrepreneurs among their ranks. Moreover, European Jews are able to function as part of the White majority. To expect Blacks to show the same upward mobility as Jews and Asians is to deny the historical and social reality that Black people face.
You can't cure discrimination with discrimination. The problem with this myth is that it uses the same word -- discrimination -- to describe two very different things. Job discrimination is grounded in prejudice and exclusion, whereas affirmative action is an effort to overcome prejudicial treatment through inclusion.
The most effective way to cure society of exclusionary practices is to make special efforts at inclusion, which is exactly what affirmative action does. The logic of affirmative action is no different than the logic of treating a nutritional deficiency with vitamin supplements.
For a healthy person, high doses of vitamin supplements may be unnecessary or even harmful, but for a person whose system is out of balance, supplements are an efficient way to restore the body's balance.
Affirmative action tends to undermine the self-esteem of women and racial minorities.
For instance, a Gallup poll asked employed Blacks and employed White women whether they had ever felt others questioned their abilities because of affirmative action Roper Center for Public Opinion, c.
Indeed, in many cases affirmative action may actually raise the self-esteem of women and minorities by providing them with employment and opportunities for advancement. Affirmative action is nothing more than an attempt at social engineering by liberal Democrats. In truth, affirmative action programs have spanned a dozen different presidential administrations -- seven Republican and five Democratic.
Although the originating document of affirmative action was President Lyndon Johnson's Executive Orderthe policy was significantly expanded in by President Richard Nixon and then Secretary of Labor George Schultz.
President George Bush also enthusiastically signed the Civil Rights Act ofwhich formally endorsed the principle of affirmative action. Thus, affirmative action has traditionally enjoyed the support of Republicans as well as Democrats.
Support for affirmative action means support for preferential selection procedures that favor unqualified candidates over qualified candidates. Actually, most supporters of affirmative action oppose this type of preferential selection.
Preferential selection procedures can be ordered along the following continuum: Selection among equally qualified candidates. The mildest form of affirmative action selection occurs when a female or minority candidate is chosen from a pool of equally qualified applicants e.
Survey research suggests that three-quarters of the public does not see this type of affirmative action as discriminatory Roper Center for Public Opinion, d. Selection among comparable candidates. A somewhat stronger form occurs when female or minority candidates are roughly comparable to other candidates e.
The logic here is similar to the logic of selecting among equally qualified candidates; all that is needed is an understanding that, for example, predictions based on an SAT score of are virtually indistinguishable from predictions based on an SAT score of Selection among unequal candidates.
A still stronger form of affirmative action occurs when qualified female or minority candidates are chosen over candidates whose records are better by a substantial amount.
Selection among qualified and unqualified candidates. The strongest form of preferential selection occurs when unqualified female or minority members are chosen over other candidates who are qualified.
Although affirmative action is sometimes mistakenly equated with this form of preferential treatment, federal regulations explicitly prohibit affirmative action programs in which unqualified or unneeded employees are hired Electronic Code of Federal Regulations, Even though these selection procedures occasionally blend into one another due in part to the difficulty of comparing incommensurable recordsa few general observations can be made.
Second, the selection of women and minority members among unequal candidates -- used routinely in college admissions -- has deeply divided the nation with the strongest opposition coming from White males and conservative voters. And finally, the selection of unqualified candidates is not permitted under federal affirmative action guidelines and should not be equated with legal forms of affirmative action.Steven Brill, author of "Tailspin," excerpts his book on how his generation of Baby Boomers broke America and how we can get back on track.
August 23, () – Grace Chu, cookbook author and teacher, emigrated from Shanghai in with a scholarship from Wellesley College, taught Chinese cooking, wrote Madame Chu’s Cooking School Cookbook in August 26, () – Peggy Guggenheim, art collector and socialite, started buying modern art in and amassed an impressive collection.
Declaration of Independence. Action of Second Continental Congress, July 4, The unanimous Declaration of the thirteen United States of America.
Audio mp3 Reading by John F. Kennedy. De La Démocratie en Amérique (French pronunciation: [dəla demɔkʁasi ɑ̃n‿ameˈʁik]; published in two volumes, the first in and the second in ) is a classic French text by Alexis de caninariojana.com title translates as On Democracy in America, but English translations are usually simply entitled Democracy in caninariojana.com the book, Tocqueville examines the democratic revolution.
About the Author. Kurt Vonnegut Jr. (–) was born and raised in Indianapolis and later left college to enlist in the US Army during World War II. Eliot, Austen, and Brontë were all writing against a climate in which female intellect tended to be either denied or ridiculed, and the “happy” endings, the good marriages, that we see in.