An analysis of the dangers and types of computer crimes and frauds

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An analysis of the dangers and types of computer crimes and frauds

Vladimir Golubev Experts consider that computer crimes today represent more serious danger for our country than 5 years ago. According to Economic Crime Unit of the Ministry of Internal Affairs of Ukraine official statistics for 4 months of year, 7 crimes, in — 25, for 11 months of - crimes have been revealed.

It is necessary to note that qualification of the revealed criminal acts in sphere of computer and Internet technologies, except actions provided for by Articles of Section 26 of the Criminal Code of Ukraine, is based on Articles providing theft, causing of damage, illegal actions with payment orders and other means of access to bank accounts, illegal actions concerning information with restricted access, etc.

It is possible to define groups of widespread crimes in Ukraine. First group covers offences with ids logins - passwords, PIN-codes which are committed both by outsiders, and workers of communication and Internet services companies "insiders".

Second group are offences with information of restricted access using remote access technologies. It is possible to mark out the third group of crimes with computer accounts, access to which is provided remotely by network technologies.

For example, illegal use of "client-bank" systems against enterprises institutionsor for efficient control of electronic money funds of criminal character. It is necessary to consider official statistics on cybercrime critically in view of high latency of this kind of crime.

Say for example, what bank is interested in situation when everyone knows about its hacked payment system? Right next day all clients will close their accounts in this bank. Distribution of computer viruses, swindle with plastic cards, theft of money resources from bank accounts, computer information theft and service regulations of automated computer systems violations are not all kinds of computer crimes.

That is why the problem of counteraction is emerging both for Ukraine, and many other countries of the world. The main feature of such criminality as the integral part of criminality in general lies in fact that every year brings new tendencies of aggravation and it is getting a transnational boundless character.

As a result the system of payments WorldPay has been put out of action. The Royal Bank of Scotland is taking measures now to renew the computer system of retail payments. By means of this system The Royal Bank has served 27, clients by WorldPay and accepted payments on Visa, Mastercard, Diners and Eurocard in more than 27 countries all over the world.

Maxim Kovalchuk, 25 years old resident of Ternopol, Ukraine, who has been arrested in Bangkok, was nominated as the October "Best hacker". As experts assert, he is one of the most dangerous hackers in the world and he has caused damage of million USD to leading computer companies of the USA.

Despite of efforts of many countries aimed at fighting cybercrimes, their number is not decreasing, on the contrary is constantly increasing.

Ukraine is also involved in this negative process.

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These are offences against confidentiality, integrity and availability of computer data and systems: Other - computer-related or computer-facilitated crimes, they are: Today there is no clear classification of modus operandi for illegal interference in computers, systems and networks functioning.

On our opinion they can be divided in to 3 main groups: It covers damaging, deletion, deterioration, alteration, suppression or copying of computer data, and also serious hindering without right of computer, system or network functioning by inputting corresponding commands from the computer where information is stored.

Direct access may be made by both persons working with data related to this workand persons intentionally penetrating in restricted areas or premises, where information is processed. It is necessary to note that today mentioned ways are the least spread in view of decentralization of information processing.

In other words it is easier to intercept computer information during its transfer via telecommunication channels or computer networks, than in case of direct penetrating in premises.

Now and then in order to seize information left by the user, offender looks around workplaces of programmers for drafts. The second group includes ways of indirect remote access to information. Access without right to certain computer or information is made via computer networks from another computer, located at certain distance.

Ways of indirect remote access are: Connecting to telecommunication cables of authorized user i. Penetrating in other information systems by automated picking out of phone numbers of subscribers with further connection to their computers picking out is carried out till the criminal receives the answer of the modem on the other side of phone line.

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It is necessary to note that attempt of unauthorized access may be detected easily. One of the penetrated computers blocks network logging system that fixes all access attempts. In a result other penetrated computers may not be detected and allocated.

Some of them start to hack certain subnetwork, other carry out fake operations in order to hinder functioning of the enterprise, institution, authority and cover up crime.of losses by type of the computer crimes, security and frauds.

Total losses for is US $52,, mainly consisted of unauthorized access to information ($10,,), laptop or mobile hardware theft ($6,,), theft of proprietary LQIRUPDWLRQ DQG¿QDQFLDOIUDXG DQGRWKHUORVVHVGXH to I.S risks are about $26,, Chapter 5 Computer Crime SUMMARY This chapter focuses on evaluating the na-ture and scope of computer crime, and options to consider in designing effective computer.

computer system to identify these types of crimes and its victims. ANALYSIS: In order to understand this problem, cons and frauds. These crimes targeted senior citizens in Nassau County.

In September of that year, the P.O.P.

An analysis of the dangers and types of computer crimes and frauds

with fear or danger. Once the senior achieves retirement, they survive off of pensions, social. Computer crimes also include the activities such as electronic frauds, misuse of devices, identity theft and data as well as system interference.

Computer crimes involve activities of software theft, whereas the privacy of the users is hampered. accessibility of computer resources. Traditional Crime Types Some of the traditional crimes now taking place on computers include fraud, theft, harassment, and child pornography.

Computer fraud consists of crimes such as online auction fraud, identity theft, financial and telecommunications fraud, credit card fraud, and various other . Computer and internet crimes run the gamut from identity theft to computer fraud and computer hacking.

States and the federal government have laws that criminalize various types of behavior involving computers, computer systems, and the internet, and each has its own requirements and potential penalties.

Cyber crime: One in 10 people now victim of fraud or online offences, figures show