An analysis and a comparison of two epics odyssey and the aeneid

Aeneas, a Trojan warrior, is one of the few to escape his home city while it burns at the hands of the Achaeans. He now has no homeland, but as a noble warrior with a divine mission, he must establish a new one. That homeland will be the city of Rome.

An analysis and a comparison of two epics odyssey and the aeneid

An analysis and a comparison of two epics odyssey and the aeneid

By Virgil's time, Homer was acknowledged as the greatest of all poets, and Virgil studied Homeric epic poetry in order to develop his own artistic techniques. Writing the Aeneid, Virgil consciously competed against Homer, for he was composing what he hoped would become the national poem of the Roman people, just as the Homeric epics were of such special significance to the Greeks.

From Homer, Virgil derived many of the technical characteristics of the Aeneid, such as the use of hexameter verse, in which each poetic line consists of six metrical feet, each foot having two syllables; the twelve-book division of epic poetry; and the use of epithets.

However, the two poets's attitudes toward the world vary greatly. The Homeric epics are works in praise of the greatness and nobility of rugged individualism, whereas the Aeneid preaches the priority of organized society and the state over its citizens in order for individuals to achieve happiness.

There is much to commend in both attitudes, and both poets express their views in works of great beauty. Virgil strove to duplicate many of the famous episodes in the Iliad and the Odyssey in order to surpass Homer's literary reputation.

Additionally, he wanted to demonstrate that Latin was as well adapted to poetry as Greek. The first half of the Aeneid resembles the first half of the Odyssey, which, because that poem has twice as many divisions as Virgil's epic, comprises the twelve books that concern the wanderings of Odysseus as he seeks his homeland of Ithaca.

The two heroes sail the same seas, and in Book III of the Aeneid, Virgil brings Aeneas and his people into contact with some of the same perils, thus providing strong reminders of the earlier epic. Aeneas's struggle to establish the Trojans in Italy recalls how Odysseus forced out his wife Penelope's suitors, who usurped his place in his own household during his absence.

Without any doubt, however, the Aeneid's last six books, particularly starting with Book IX, when war finally breaks out, more strongly resemble the Iliad.

An analysis and a comparison of two epics odyssey and the aeneid

One example of this similarity is the comparison between Turnus, who fights against the Trojans during Aeneas's absence, and Hector, the Trojan prince who engages the Greeks in the absence of Achilles, who, angry with Agamemnon for having taken the woman Briseis from him, refuses to participate in the war until fairly late in Homer's epic.

Achilles eventually returns to battle and slays Hector in order to avenge the death of his friend Patroclus at the hands of the Trojan hero, just as Aeneas slays Turnus in order to avenge Pallas's death at the hands of the Rutulian prince. Many of the dreams, prophecies, and lists of genealogies in the Aeneid evoke Homer's works.

For example, Aeneas's dream of Hector on the night that Troy falls to the Greeks recalls Achilles's vision, in Book XXIII of the Iliad, of the great warrior Patroclus, who, having been slain by Hector, implores Achilles to perform the funeral rites necessary for his passage into the underworld.

Patroclus visits Achilles because he is driven by a profound personal concern, while Hector's appearance, like other incidents in the Aeneid that are based on Homer, is full of patriotic import.

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This parallel between Hector's and Patroclus's appearances is the only significant reference in the Aeneid's Book II to Homer, who could not have influenced Virgil's description of Troy's fall for the simple reason that his Iliad ends with the funeral of Hector, before Troy is destroyed, while his Odyssey begins ten years after the war is over.

It should be noted, however, that Homer was thoroughly learned in the stories having to do with Troy's fall, particularly the wooden horse, which is referred to three times in the Odyssey — by Helen and Menelaus in Book IV, when Telemachus, Odysseus's son, visits them at Sparta while seeking news of his absent father; by the blind bard Demodocus in the presence of Odysseus, who is being entertained with tales of the Trojan War in the king of Phaeacia's court in Book VIII; and finally by Odysseus himself when, in Book XI, he speaks to Achilles's ghost in the underworld about the bravery of his son Pyrrhus, who, as one of the warriors hidden in the wooden horse, showed no fear while waiting to be sprung from the horse's body cavity.

The story of Aeneas's descent into the underworld abounds in details that reflect original counterparts in Book XI of the Odyssey, which tells of Odysseus's own visit to the land of the dead to consult the ghost of the Theban seer Tiresias, who resembles Anchises in his prophetic role.

However, Anchises's philosophical concepts, which prepare for the historical pageant that is central to Book VI, have absolutely no place in the Odyssey, being alien to Homer's joyous, life-embracing realism. Anchises's presenting Rome's glorious future is entirely different from Tiresias's role, which is to advise Odysseus only on the events of the hero's own future before and after arriving home in Ithaca.

Here, as elsewhere, Virgil's main reason for constructing parallels to Homer, which he was no doubt certain his readers would identify and relish, was to add luster to the Aeneid as a latter-day epic appearing in another language more than seven centuries after his immensely prestigious, literary forebear.

Virgil gives Homer's original incidents an import for the development of his own epic that is absent from the Iliad and the Odyssey. Never far from his mind is his purpose of making the Aeneid a national epic discussed in the next essaywhich neither of Homer's works were.Odyssey and Aeneid are epics that need no introduction in the literary world.

They are considered the greatest works of Greek and Roman literature and numerous interpretations and analysis were already based on these two great epics. Through a comparison of the hero Aeneas to the hero Odysseus, Virgil shows that the Romans are the superior culture.

In the Aeneid and the Odyssey, Aeneas and Odysseus both undergo a parallel journey with the ultimate purpose of returning (in. Aeneas’ case establishing) home. However, throughout their journeys the actions of the two heroes are vastly different.

- Comparative Analysis of the Aeneid, Odyssey, and Iliad The Iliad and the Odyssey are two of the best Greek epics written by Homer.

Despite their popularity, almost nothing is known about the author beyond the existence of his masterpieces. The Iliad, the Odyssey, and the Aeneid are all similar epics in their adventures and their lessons.

Throughout the literary works of the ancient world there are many reoccurring motifs such as: the role of the gods, the role of suffering, and the roll of fate. A similar invocation begins both the Iliad and the Odyssey, the Homeric epics that are the models for Virgil’s epic, and the Aeneid picks up its subject matter where Homer left off.

The events described in the Aeneid form a sequel to the Iliad and are contemporaneous with the wanderings of .

Odyssey and Aeneid: Comparative Analysis Essay Sample

Comparing the Odyssey to the Lord of the Rings The Lord of the Rings and Odyssey are two very weird stories in my opinion. The two stories include several similarities. The most noteworthy similarity of the two that were in common was the use of themes.

Aeneid Vs Odyssey, Mythology -